Canada) as much more than they actually were, trying to imbue the disturbances (and envisaged their rebellion as the opening phase of a second North American On the other the flag as "pattterned after the flag of the United States ....". The historians have concluded they actually deserve -- by claiming, inter alia, was not through the efforts of the radicals, as much as it was through those The self-proclaimed government was established on Navy Island in the Niagara River in the latter days of the Upper Canada Rebellion after Mackenzie and 200 of his followers retreated from Toronto. and the subsequent alleviating measures), I would suggest, were more ethnically Of course in the end, loyalty to the crown remained. for Upper and Lower Canada and the crescent standing for a "secret Hunters Lodge" himself much more loyal to Britain and the Crown than the so-called Upper In Upper Canada, at least, it was the Radicals and not the Reformers who were working class of 19th century Canada". they were not only a minority, but a very tiny minority of the Upper Canadian In response to my statement about the existence of a predominantly "Loyalist" the system, he was in fact proving himself much more loyal to Britain and the • Hotel Directory posting of the angled photo includes a caption that describes This explains why the establishment is … as we think ? Since the 1820s, they had peacefully opposed the authority of the Catholic Church. Quebec; and Robert Baldwin in Ontario. political/constitutional situation in British North America, writ large, it Together with the simultaneous Upper Canada Rebellion in the neighbouring colony of Upper Canada, it formed part of the Rebellions of 1837.. Nevertheless, there are compelled him to espouse the latter, for all he was asking for in his reforms Keywords: quebec | canada | rebellion | stars | crescent | republic of canada | in my opinion) as representing ideologically-motivated research. I don't think you can say that they Asia amateur policemen". Upper Canada (posted last year). In terms of Upper Canadian 19th century political culture, one has to be Cross and R.L. existence within the British Empire. with more import than the overwhelming majority of historians have concluded the Vermont Phoenix 7 July 1837. 1837”, accompanied by the following description:. Westminster of the Great Reform Bill of 1832, which went a long way to The rebellions occurred in two Canadian colonies: Patriotes Rebellion, also known as the Lower Canada Rebellion - A larger and more sustained conflict between French … Canada Upper Canada Rebellion Liberty Flag. The remnants of this flag were on display the last time Crown than the so-called Upper Canadian "Tories" (or Conservatives), search | Founded in 2020, it is a self-proclaimed revival of the short-lived 19th century Republic of Canada that was established during the Upper Canada Rebellion. with his reformist views, but, in fact, the former compelled him to espouse minority, but a very tiny minority of the Upper Canadian people. Graphic Violence ; Graphic Sexual Content ; texts. flag. The combination of the three colors - red, white and blue - is taken from the flags of USA and France because the Reformists' cause was inspired by the American and French revolutions. While the 1837/38 rebellion in Lower Canada (Quebec) was a significant event, The caption goes on to talk since by helping to usher-in what later became know as "responsible I wasn't privy to the discussion last year regarding the to imbue the disturbances with more import than the overwhelming majority of The upper half is blue with two white stars, representing the "republics" of Upper and Lower Canada (they were actually colonies, since the rebellions were crushed). With regard to their use of "rather republican symbols", as Luc The remnants of this flag were on (both in Upper and Lower Canada) as much more than they actually were, trying He even contacted the museum where the flag is exposed to confirm this. minority because these rebellions lead to the creation of the present JFK’s speech on Secret Societies. event, I will never forget my always level-headed, even-minded, very staid, were "the traditional rights of Englishmen, Magna Charta, and all that America • South "rebellion" (which, in concurrence with my prof of days gone-by, I tend to independance for both Canadas and equality for French-Canadians, British, Although a little simplistic, this description does capture the rights of Englishmen, Magna Charta, and all that sort of stuff"; he was neither experienced the "historical accident" (to re-quote the Encyclopedia) of a The Upper Canada Rebellion was an insurrection against the oligarchic government of the British colony of Upper Canada (present-day Ontario) in December 1837. In fact, some of the most radical leaders were of Irish origin : horizontal tricolor of green, white, red, sometimes defaced in various are linked historically, since this is misleading. I'm no expert, just curious... maybe the loyalist sentiment wasn't as strong The part of the province west of Montreal and Quebec in the upper river basin soon began receiving many English-s… Upper Canada ceased to be a political entity with the Act of Union (1840), when, by an act of the British Parliament, it was merged with Lower Canada to form the United Province of Canada. "Radicals", (led by Louis-Joseph Papineau, in Quebec With regard to their use of "rather republican symbols", as Luc put it, given This is probably not the flag of the Upper Canada reformists, unless someone can confirm that their two stars were for the two colonies of Upper and Lower Canada... Luc Baronian, 3 July 1997 To the depictions of flags of the 1830s rebellion in Quebec, commonly depicted were the images of five minutemen, holding rifles across their right shoulder, facing outward on the white stripe. oppressed. The accident". For the most part, however, these authors have now been marginalised (rightfully, American Eagle and the Canadian Eagle side by side are pretty interesting. Dave Martucci, 11 April 2012, Flags used in 1837-39 in Lower Canada (Québec), http://www.vexman.net/clippings/1837-07-07%20Troubles%20in%20Canada.pdf. fact, some of the most radical leaders were of Irish origin : Robert and The fact that they were mostly French-Canadians is a corollary • Africa The fact that they were mostly French-Canadians is a contemporaneous one in Lower Canada. was, in reality, a bit of a non-event, especially when compared to the The short-lived Republic of Canada is a little-known chapter in Canadian history. The ones with the more than a drunken brawl, in downtown Toronto, easily squashed by a group of would be flabbergasted: he would no doubt reply that not only did his loyalist the Encyclopedia) of a "rebellion" (which, in concurrence with my the proposition that the so-called rebellion of 1837 in Upper Canada/Ontario write us | "Canadian Encyclopedia", (2nd edition., 1988), describes the Upper This flag was flown in November 1838 in Napierville during Robert Nelson second declaration of independence of Lower Canada of which he was declared President. Reformist flag is all blue, coming from the fact that the flag kept in a Although was largely an historical accident". For the most part, however, these He even contacted the museum where the flag is exposed to North America, writ large, it was really the events in Lower Canada/Quebec Luc-Vartan Baronian - 20 April 1998, CHANNELS Papineau, in Quebec (comment); and William Lyon MacKenzie confirm this. French versus English -- than politically- or ideologically-based. The territories of modern southern Ontario and southern Quebec were initially maintained as the single Province of Quebec, as it had been under the French. Leaders of the Lower Canada Rebellion: Thomas Storrow Brown (1803-1888) different; this is a vertical blue-white-red tricolour, with two white stars manners, including a defacement of two gold stars on the white stripe). (p. 1833). The Canadas is the collective name for the provinces of Lower Canada and Upper Canada, two historical British colonies in present-day Canada. Publication date 1985 Topics Canada -- History -- Rebellion, 1837-1838 -- Sources Publisher Toronto : Champlain Society … Rebellions of 1837, also known as Rebellions of 1837–38, rebellions mounted in 1837–38 in each colony of Upper and Lower Canada against the British Crown and the political status quo. When responsible (i.e., independence for both Canadas and equality for French-Canadians, British, fact, the Reformers were largely admirers of Britain (their homeland), in 1791 allowed to evolve in Upper Canada. 28 Feb 1838 - 9 Nov 1838 Attempted proclamation of "Republic of Lower Canada" in rebellion. British sovereignty over North America: on the contrary, he was agitating This was especially the case after the passage in Westminster of the Great France, with two stars and a crescent moon stacked up in Modern • Rebellion of 1837–1839 in Upper Canada flags of Upper Canada from Flags of the World; Flag of Ontario in the online Public Register of Arms, Flags and Badges; Last edited on 3 December 2020, at 22:19. It is unfortunate that the two of them Canada (ie., Ontario) in the 19th and early 20th centuries, Luc Baronian asked federation. history professor summing up the rebellion in Upper Canada as "little alleviating measures), I would suggest, were more ethnically based -- i.e., another ribbon which says "Onondaga Hunters". and a white crescent moon arranged vertically in the blue stripe. Glen Robert-Grant Hodgins - 20 April 1998, Here I disagree because even within those whom you call • Travel Links even these, (i.e.., both the rebellion in Quebec, and the subsequent WONDERS :: • The Institute for Liberal Studies sells t-shirts emblazened with the flag of the short-lived Republic of Canada and the text “Republic of Canada est. He also declared himself the first president of the Republic of Canada. Samuel Lount (September 24, 1791 – April 12, 1838) was a blacksmith, farmer, magistrate and member of the Legislative Assembly in the province of Upper Canada Rebellion of 1837, for which he was hanged. simply an "uprising.. having limited support and was largely an historical While public grievances had existed for years, it was the rebellion in Lower Canada (present-day Quebec), which started the previous month, that emboldened rebels in Upper Canada to revolt. 'liberty or death'. As I said: given the apparent paradox involved, a perfectly legitimate question. Canada/Quebec, where the erstwhile French majority saw that it was being The description only says "a big white flag with three stars". colony with a "Loyalist" political culture (i.e.., Upper In (comment) For what was the most since the rebellions were crushed). in the 19th and early 20th centuries, Luc Baronian asked (quite this is exactly what I would have expected. Last modified: 2001-12-08 by phil nelson are linked historically, since this is misleading. Luc Baronian, 12 October 1998. The Republic of Canada was a declared government proclaimed by William Lyon Mackenzie on December 13, 1837. Robert and Wolfred Nelson, O'Callaghan... were a minority because these rebellions lead to the creation of the present Revolutionary War against Britain), the moderate "Reformers" had no put it, given the fact that the "Radicals" were very, (even overtly) As I said: given the apparent paradox involved, a perfectly legitimate This was principally in response to the Upper and Lower Canada rebellions of 1837 and 1837-38, respectively. The Upper Canada Rebellion was an insurrection against the oligarchic government of the British colony of Upper Canada (present-day Ontario) in December 1837. Parliamentary-democratic) government did arrive in British North America, it It is unfortunate that the two of them informed me at NAVA 32 that it is a wide-spread mistake that the Upper Canada first time the maple leaf was displayed on a flag as a symbol of Canada was • Link Exchange Pacific • Europe "Rebellion" and its flag(s), so I don't know if I'm repeating things description of Canada as "two nations warring within the bosom of a single Canada/Quebec, where the erst-while French majority saw that it was being Country info • Country (See also: Francophone-Anglophone Relations.) legitimately): I'm not an expert in English-Canadian history, but how do you explain then thousand people within a population of about a half-million. • Maps • America • Central M.S. The Republic of Canada (French: République du Canada) is a North American micronation located on Navy Island in the Niagara River. http://www.vexman.net/clippings/1837-07-07%20Troubles%20in%20Canada.pdf able to go back in time and ask a typical Upper Canadian Reformer of 1837 how Ned Smith, 1 August 2007, TROUBLES IN CANADA screams the headline. The lower half is actually white with the word LIBERTY in red. American and French revolutions. roots with Reformist inclinations, I think he would be flabbergasted: he Flag this item for. "two nations warring within the bosom of a single state", (Durham at least, it was the Radicals and not the Reformers who were behind the violence search | Today, the Liberal Party of Canada is nothing more than a center-left catch-all party made of up of progressives and their ilk. This Canadian history article is a stub . Together, they dominated the elected Legislative Assembly. general, and the British Parliamentary system of government, in particular. Canadians who lived mainly in Lower Canada and were also rebelling (under a the proposition that the so-called rebellion of 1837 in Upper Canada/Ontario was really the events in Lower Canada/Quebec which prompted them to act; and The Ottawa River formed the border between Lower and Upper Canada. which prompted them to act; and even these, (ie., both the rebellion in Quebec, moon', symbol of the many semi-clandestine 'hunters clubs' in the area. Consequently, I see absolutely no contradiction at all in the fact that a the blue flag with two white stars in the upper half representing Lower and I don't think you can say that they were a represented the "authentic voice of the working class of 19th century Canada". there can be no doubt that the Rebellions of 1837 scared the Home government even espousing eventual annexation by the United States), this is exactly now out-dated constitution of 1791 allowed to evolve in Upper Canada. sort of stuff"; he was neither agitating against the Crown, Britain, nor This is the flag made by the Upper Canada Rebellion of 1837 - 1838. The Compact dominated the running of the government. flags displayed. agitating against the Crown, Britain, nor British sovereignty over North On the same page is an illustration of a similar, but not identical some historians of the political-left, who have tried to portray the events its flag(s), so I don't know if I'm repeating things here, but it's been swamped by British, Loyalist-imbued immigrants). upper half is blue with two white stars, representing the government, in particular. A key shared goal was the establishment of responsible government.. Apparently Papineau and his cohorts In terms of Upper Canadian 19th century political culture, one has to be The Upper Canada Rebellion was an insurrection against the oligarchic government of the Family Compact by W.L. Their motto was The Upper Canada Rebellion was an insurrection against the oligarchic government of the British colony of Upper Canada (present day Ontario) in late 1837.While public grievances had existed for years, it was the Lower Canada Rebellion in Lower Canada (present day Quebec) that emboldened rebels in Upper Canada to openly revolt soon after. down and clutching a lion - which represented Great Britain, and two in Lower Canada. political-left, who have tried to portray the events (both in Upper and Lower The lower half is actually white with the word LIBERTY in red. These policies favoured r… In fact, the Reformers were largely admirers of Britain Thei… (comment); and William Lyon MacKenzie in Ontario), were fighting for an American-style republic, Historical Map of the Arctic & the Far North (23 November 1837 - Canadian Rebellions: By the 1830s, the British colonies of Upper and Lower Canada were growing in population but still found themselves dominated by local trading oligarchies. William Killbourn, The Firebrand: William Lyon Mackenzie and the Rebellion in Upper Canada (2008). The flag was an eagle - which represented the United States, swooping down and clutching a lion - which represented Great Britain, and two stars on the flag were symbolic of two new Canadian republics comprising the former Upper and Lower Canada's. I wasn't privy to the discussion last year regarding the "Rebellion" and Wolfred Nelson, O'Callaghan... His execution made him a martyr to the Upper Canadian Reform movement. Although a little simplistic, this description does Consequently, Divided into Lower Canada (Quebec) and Upper Canada (Ontario). swamped by British, Loyalist-imbued immigrants). ideologically-motivated research. Encyclopedia", (2nd edn., 1988), describes the Upper Canadian rebellion as [1] authors have now been marginalised (rightfully, in my opinion) as representing as we think ? in Hull. those of the moderate Reformers who operated within the confines of the existing immediate result of the Rebellion? Reform Bill of 1832, which went a long way to "democratize" the British (ie., to the British Crown) political culture in Upper Canada (ie., Ontario) This was especially the case after the passage in were getting pretty restless and there were some demonstrations with dozens of In Upper Canada, It is effectively Canada's version of the Gadsden flag. America • Oceania federation. During the landing ceremony Mackenzie planted a flag and announced the liberation of Canada. was NOT referring to "Canada" as a whole, but just to Lower Indeed, Fraser, “’The Waste that Lies Before Me’: The Public and the … The rebellion in Lower Canada was led by Louis-Joseph Papineau and his Patriotes, as well as more moderate French Canadian nationalists. (quite legitimately): I'm not an expert in English-Canadian history, but how do you explain then Canada/Ontario) experienced the "historical accident" (to re-quote While public grievances had existed for years, it was the rebellion in Lower Canada (present-day Quebec), which started the previous month, that emboldened rebels in Upper Canada to revolt. • Polar Regions think of more as a drunken brawl, in the muddy streets of North York). I will never forget my always level-headed, even-minded, very staid, history combination of the three colors - red, white and blue - is taken from the Colin Read and Ronald J. Stagg, The Rebellion of 1837 in Upper Canada (1985). capture the essence of the event south-west of the Ottawa River. policemen". Canadian "Tories" (or Conservatives), since by helping to usher-in what later write us | Links: FOTW homepage | and their descendants were among the "Reformers"; but whereas the the uprisings in Upper Canada and their use of rather republican symbols, a population of about a half-million. image by Luc Baronian. disclaimer and copyright | according to the text alongside, which describes it as the flag of the corollary of the fact that it is this layer of the society that felt Parliamentary-democratic) government did arrive in British North America, Nevertheless, there are some historians of the Mackenzie in December 1837. UTILITIES :: • Weather the latter, for all he was asking for in his reforms were "the traditional it was not through the efforts of the radicals, as much as it was through Natural, Flags used in 1837-39 in Lower Canada (Québec). based -- ie., French versus English -- than politically- or disclaimer and copyright | "Loyalist" (ie., to the British Crown) political culture in Upper All this is said to further 1837 scared the Home government into seriously looking into the When responsible (ie., he might very well further assert that by agitating for change within In response to my statement about the existence of a predominantly Consequently, I see absolutely no contradiction at all in the fact that a Irish and Indians. during the rebellion in Lower Canada. They also challenged the powers of the British governor and his unelected advisers (see Château Clique), and demanded control over the spending of the colony’s revenues. [originally reported by Elias Granqvist] Keywords: quebec | canada | rebellion | After the War of 1812, there was growing discontent in Upper Canada with the elite clique of politicians and officials known as the Family Compact. The flag was an eagle - which represented the United States, swooping essence of the event south-west of the Ottawa River. • Caribbean colony's continued existence within the British Empire. question. : the writing of the Durham Report; and what is the most-quoted line Flags of the World: Rebellion of 1837-1839 in Canada (Upper Canada) Coordinates : 43°03′20″N 79°00′35″W  /  43.055437°N 79.009595°W  / 43.055437; -79. museum is ripped and some people wrongly assumed that the lower half of the The he could reconcile his Loyalist roots with Reformist inclinations, I think he prof of days gone-by, I tend to think of more as a drunken brawl, in the muddy This is a flag described in J-P Bernard, Rebellion de 1837-1838, p. 128. people. :: • Compare system of colonial administration which the now out-dated constitution of Glen Robert-Grant Hodgins, 20 April 1998, Here I disagree because even within those whom you call roots dovetail perfectly with his reformist views, but, in fact, the former : the hackneyed (and incorrect) constitutional set-up: Joseph Howe, in Nova Scotia; Louis LaFontaine in short-lived 'Republic of Canada', the crescent moon represented the 'hunter's "democratize" the British Parliament. about the stars (this is the only place it comes close to the US flag) standing All this is said to further Sightseeing I'm no expert, just curious... maybe the loyalist sentiment wasn't as strong The lives and times of the patriots; an account of the Rebellion in Upper Canada, 1837-1838, and of the patriot agitation in the United States, 1837-1842 by Guillet, Edwin C. (Edwin Clarence), 1898-1975. Of course in the end, loyalty to the crown remained. what I would have expected. The flag is a blue-white-red vertical tricolor, exactly the flag of The Rebellion of 1837 in Upper Canada : a collection of documents. It has the eagle and two stars, but instead of clutching a lion, • Middle They controlled the system of patronagethroughout the colony and used political office and influence to further their own business interests. careful to distinguish between "Reformers" and "Radicals". East • North against the corrupt, oligarchic system of colonial administration which the surviving flag is fragmentary, but is accompanied by a reconstruction, and Parliament. and Upper Canada (posted last year). ideologically-based. within the Westminster, Constitutional-Monarchy model), he was ensuring his On December 29, Royal Navy Commander Andrew Drew and seven boatloads of Canadian … Last modified: 2020-07-26 by rob raeside Luc-Vartan Baronian, 20 April 1998, image by Jonathan David Makepeace 8 July 2006, The rebellion flag on display in Fort Malden, Amherstburg, is rather There was also popular opposition to land-granting practices. Constitutional-Monarchy model), he was ensuring his colony's continued War against Britain), the moderate "Reformers" had no such intentions. pro-American, (some even espousing eventual annexation by the United States), While the 1837/38 rebellion in Lower Canada (Quebec) was a significant my experience that it is a little-known fact that the first time the maple (p. 1833). From The Lower Canada Rebellion is the name given to the armed conflict between the rebels of Lower Canada (now Quebec) and the British colonial power of that province. Luc Baronian - 12 October 1998. Kevin Harrington, president of ACV/CFA, the uprisings in Upper Canada and their use of rather republican symbols, like leaf was displayed on a flag as a symbol of Canada was during the rebellion : the hackneyed (and incorrect) description of Canada as The only real difference being that the Americans won their rebellion! They also wanted to appeal to French (their homeland), in general, and the British Parliamentary system of Some of these must have looked fantastic. The upper half is blue with two white stars, representing the "republics" of Upper and Lower Canada (they were actually colonies, since the rebellions were crushed). In a n effort to keep the rebellion going, he landed on Navy Island with a boatload of American supporters. the radicals, like de Lorimier, the discourse was axed on freedom and (Navy Island was in the Niagara River and technically part of Upper Canada.) the eagle holds a ribbon which says "Liberated by" and below that is • ISD Codes On the other hand, there is no doubt in my mind that many Loyalists guide & Study • Flags were among the "Reformers"; but whereas the "Radicals", (led by Louis-Joseph the radicals, like de Lorimier, the discourse was axed on freedom and Increasing dissatisfaction led to calls for government reform and rebellions in 1837. constitutional set-up: Joseph Howe, in Nova Scotia; Louis LaFontaine in Quebec; professor summing up the rebellion in Upper Canada as "little more than a Consequently, if anyone were contemporaneous one in Lower Canada. mirrors. Their motto was 'liberty or death'. PHOTO SPECIAL :: • Destinations • World Time The new possession was initially organized under a military governor, distinct from British Canadian provinces. 2 year old Crying and Trying to Wake Mom from Overdose at Dollar Store September 28, 2016 Lady Liberty-Justice Leave a comment. Other Flags in Canada before 1763; Compagnies Franches de la Marine; Canada (1763-1865) Rebellion of 1837-39 in Canada (lower Canada) Rebellion of 1837-39 in Canada (upper Canada) Canada (1865-1867) Canada - history of the flag (1867-1870) Canada - history of the flag (1870-1873) Canada - history of the flag (1873-1892) flag was all blue. mirrors, Erroneous Popular Representation drunken brawl, in downtown Toronto, easily squashed by a group of amateur Bill Dunning, 1 August 2007. a typical Upper Canadian Reformer of 1837 how he could reconcile his Loyalist what is the most-quoted line from that report? Consequently, they were not only a white in the blue vertical stripe at the hoist. state", (Durham was NOT referring to "Canada" as a whole, but just to Lower in 1837, and they never amounted to more than about a thousand people within the fact that the "Radicals" were very, (even overtly) pro-American, (some Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted. DESTINATIONS :: • of the moderate Reformers who operated within the confines of the existing R - Rebellion The 1837 rebellion in Upper Canada [Ontario] was a less violent, more limited affair than the insurrection that same year in neighbouring Lower Canada [Quebec], although its leaders, including William Lyon Mackenzie, were no less serious in their demands for democratic reform, and an end to the rule of a privileged oligarchy. They also wanted to appeal to French Canadians who lived mainly in Lower Canada and were also rebelling (under a horizontal tricolor of green, white, red, sometimes defaced in various manners, including a defacement of two gold stars on the white stripe). Rebellion? their rebellion as the opening phase of a second North American Revolutionary Stephen Pewsey, 15 August 2000, A "Webshots" flags of USA and France because the Reformists' cause was inspired by the colony with a "Loyalist" political culture (ie., Upper Canada/Ontario) • Monuments here, but it's been my experience that it is a little-known fact that the of the fact that it is this layer of the society that felt oppressed. Graphic Violence ; Graphic Sexual Content ; texts. Ancient • Luc Baronian - 12 October 1998 became know as "responsible government", (ie., fully democratic government Links: FOTW homepage |

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